Migraine is a neurological condition that can cause multiple symptoms. It’s frequently characterized by intense, debilitating headaches. Symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, difficulty speaking, numbness or tingling, and sensitivity to light and sound. Migraines often run in families and affect all ages. The diagnosis of migraine headaches is determined based on clinical history, reported symptoms, and by ruling out other causes. The most common categories of migraine headache are those without aura (previously known as common migraines) and those with aura (previously known as classic migraines).Migraines can begin in childhood or may not occur until early adulthood. Women are more likely than men to have migraines.
Family history is one of the most common risk factors for having migraines. Migraines are different from other headaches. Headaches are one of the most common health problems doctors and other health care professionals treat. Although many people describe all moderate to severe headaches as “migraine,” there are specific criteria used to identify migraine, tension, and other less-common headache varieties. Doctors and other health professionals consider most headaches painful, annoying, or even transiently debilitating to a patient, but they cause little risk.
Migraine headache or migraine pain is also common but occurs far less frequently than a tension headache. Migraine with aura and migraine without aura are the most common. An aura is a neurological symptom such as vision changes, numbness, tingling, or even difficulty speaking which precedes the onset of the headache. Although many people believe that any moderate to a severe headache is a migraine, there are specific criteria regarding the type of pain and associated symptoms, which lead to the diagnosis of migraine.